TOEFL iBT Reading Practice Test 01 – Solution and Explanation


15. (C) 16. (C) 17. (A) 18. (A) 19. (B) 20. (C) 21. (A) 22. (B) 23. (B) 24. (C) 25. (C) 26. Ancient Egyptian Sculpture: (A), (G), (H), (I) / Ancient Greek Sculpture: (B), (C), (D)

15. Rhetorical Purpose | (C)

Q. In paragraph 1, the author explains the consistency of ancient Egyptian sculptural art by

Why? –See Clue 15(C) [lines 3-6]

16.    Sentence Simplification I (C)

Q. Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.

Why? In order to understand the sculptural art produced by ancient Egyptians, it is essential to consider the nature of their culture—// it had a deeply religious orientation, // which is evident in frequent depictions of divine figures, like deities and pharaohs.

Why Not? (A) Information about the difficulty of comprehending ancient Egyptian sculptures is not mentioned.

(B) Information that ancient Egyptian sculptures have been an important art form is not mentioned.

(D) Information that the nature of their culture should be considered to understand ancient Egyptian sculptures is left out.

17.    Factual Information | (A)

Q. According to paragraph 2, the conventions that ancient Egyptian sculptors followed

Why? ==>See Clue 17(A)[lines 17-20]

► … an ancient Egyptian artist’s primary concern was to express the essence of the figure—that is, the permanent aspect of a human being …

Why Not? (B), (D) Not mentioned / (C) Incorrect »See lines 30-32

18.    Vocabulary | (A)

Q. The word intentional in the passage is closest in meaning to

Why? deliberate can replace intentional in this context. ==>See Clue 18(A)[lines 26-28, 30-32]

•    intentional adj. done deliberately and specifically

•    deliberate adj. intended with full awareness

19.    Factual Information | (B)

Q. According to paragraph 3, many ancient Egyptian sculptures had block-shaped bases because

Why? ==>See Clue 19(B) [Lines 41-43]

artists tried to evoke a sense of stability by fixing figures on sturdy block-shaped bases

Why Not? (A), (C) Not mentioned / (D) Incorrect ==>See lines 36-38

20. Rhetorical Purpose | (C)

Q. Why does the author mention the year 500 BC in paragraph 5?

Why? The year 500 BC is mentioned in order to indicate there was an important change in Greek sculpture from being symbolic to realistic. ==>See Clue 20(C)[lines 67-72]

21. Vocabulary | (A)

Q. The word probed in the passage is closest in meaning to

Why? investigated can replace probed in this context. ==>See Clue 21(A)[lines 73-75]

•    probe v. to look for or analyze something, often using a tool

•    investigate v. to try to uncover the truth about or the cause of something like a crime, accident, or scientific problem

22. Vocabulary | (B)

Q. The word endeavored in the passage is closest in meaning to

Why? attempted can replace endeavored in this context. ==>See Clue 22(B)[lines 82-85]

•    attempt v. to try and do something, particularly something difficult

•    endeavor v. to try with effort

23. Vocabulary | (B)

Q. The word solely in the passage is closest in meaning to

Why? exclusively can replace solely in this context.

•    solely adv. not including anything or anyone else

•    exclusively adv. only

24. Reference | (C)

Q. The word it in the passage refers to

Why? These notions about the human form were primarily influenced by each culture’s worldview and the expectations about the role of humans within it ==>See Clue 24<C)[lines 106-109]

25. Insert Text | (C)

Q. Look at the four squares [■] that indicate where the following sentence could be added to the passage.

Why? B Individuality was an important theme for a culture so invested in the concept of democracy.

C This ideal was conveyed in sculpture by accurately representing the human body. Unfortunately, much of the original work of ancient Greek sculptors has been lost or disfigured, sometimes purposely destroyed and other times damaged by neglect. D

► ‘This ideal” in the given sentence refers to ‘Individuality.’

26. Schematic table

Q. Directions: Complete the table by matching the phrases below.

Select the appropriate phrases from the answer choices and match them to the type of sculpture to which they relate. TWO of the answer choices will NOT be used. This question is worth 4 points.


  Correct Answer Choices Clues in the passage
Ancient Egyptian Sculpture (A) Tried to represent the permanent essence of human beings Clue 26(A)[lines 17-20] an ancient Egyptian artist’s primary concern was to express the essence of the figure— that is, the permanent aspect of a human being
(G) Used poses that were very balanced and vertical Clue 26(G)[lines 36-37] sculptors depicted humans in rigid, balanced poses [lines 38-39] Figures appear very vertical and motionless.
(H) Was durable enough for much of it to survive for thousands of years Clue 26(H)[lines 44-47] they made Egyptian sculptures particularly enduring—so much so that many of these well-preserved works of art survive today
(1) Was functional in a religious sense, helping people communicate with the divine Clue 26( 1 ([lines 50-52] these symbolic art forms were considered functional, as they helped link the Egyptians with the divine
Ancient Greek Sculpture (B) Underwent a stylistic change, rejecting idealized forms in favor of realistic figures Clue 26<B)[lines 64-67] Initially, ancient Greek sculptures._ depicted idealized human forms rather than actual people, [lines 69-72] that changed … and in 500 BC Greek sculptors began to model their figures on real individuals
(C) Was often produced purely for the sake of making art Clue 26<C)[lines 97-98] many were created to be nothing more than art
(D) Adopted conventions that set proportions for human bodies Clue 26<D)[lines 78-79] the ancient Greeks’ guidelines established lifelike human proportions

Why Not? (E) Not mentioned / (F) Incorrect ==>See lines 9-10, 95-97

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