TOEFL IBT Reading Practice Test 08 Solution & Explanation


14.(0 15. (B) 16. (A) 17. (B) 18. (D) 19. (D) 20. (A) 21. (O 22. (B) 23. (D) 24. (A) 25. Q 26. Classical Period: (B), (D). (G). (H) / Romantic Period: (C). (F), (I)

14. Vocabulary I (C)

Q. The word  profoundly in the passage is closest in meaning to

Why? “were profoundly affected’ and ‘utterly transformed’ are equivalent can replace profoundly in this context. “-See Clue 14(C)[lines 10-15]

profoundly adv. totally or completely

greatly adv. extremely or very much

15. Inference I (B)

Q. What can be inferred from paragraph 1 about the Industrial Revolution?

Why? (B) can be inferred from the information in lines 9-10. “-See Clue 15(B) \

Why Not? (A) Incorrect –See lines 1-6/(C), (D) Not supported

16. Vocabulary I (A)

Q. The word  demarcated in the passage is closest in meaning to

Why? measured can replace demarcated in this context. “-See Clue 16(A)[lines 19-22]

demarcate v. to decide or mark the boundaries of an area

measure v. to determine the size, length, or amount of something

17. Factual Information I (B)

Q. According to paragraph 3, performances during the Classical period

Why? “See Clue 17(B)[lines 40-41, 45-47]

Why Not? (A), (C), (D) Not mentioned

18. Sentence Simplification I (D)

Q. Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.

Why? At the turn of the nineteenth century, // when the myriad technological advancements of the Industrial Revolution were really beginning to affect the lives of ordinary people, // Classicism in Western music was gradually giving way to a new style—Romanticism, transitioning from Classical to Romantic »

Why Not? (A), (B), (C) Not mentioned

19. Inference I (D)

Q. Based on information from paragraph 4 about the relationship between the Classical and Romantic periods, it can be inferred that

Why? (D) can be inferred from the information in lines 66-69. **See Clue 19(D)

Why Not? (A) Incorrect See lines 58-59/ (B), (C) Not supported

20. Vocabulary I (A)

Q. The word expendable in the passage is closest in meaning to

Why? extra can replace expendable in this context **See Clue 20(A)[lines 75-78]

expendable adj. dispensable; not strictly necessary

extra adj. additional or more

21. Rhetorical Purpose I (C)

Q. Why does the author mention celebrity status in paragraph 5?

Why? Celebrity status is mentioned in order to show that musicians were recognized in the Romantic period more than in the Classical period. That is, the author mentions it to contrast the status of musicians in the Romantic and Classical periods. ^See Clue 21(C)[lines 85-88]

22. Reference I (B)

Q. The word their in the passage refers to

Why? … musicians and composers lost their roles as servants to the aristocracy and gained celebrity status as more and more people were exposed to their work. «-See Clue 22(B)[lines 86-89]

23. Vocabulary I (D)

Q. The word manifested in the passage is closest in meaning to

k Why? displayed can replace manifested in this context. **See Clue 23(D)[lines 90-93]

manifest v. to show clearly or evidently

display v. to show something for others to see

24. Factual Information I (A)

Q. According to paragraph 6, what led the home to become a site for musical presentations?

Why? ~See Clue 24(A)[lines 95-101]

► … the Industrial Revolution also introduced their mass production. Ordinary people could now afford to buy their own pianos, violins, and guitars. In many homes, the parlor room was the center of family life, and during the Romantic period, it became the frequent site of solo and ensemble performances.

Why Not? (B), (D) Each mentioned in lines 102-103 and lines 103-105, but it is a result of the home becoming a site for musical presentations, not the cause / (C) Not mentioned

25. Insert Text | [A]

Q. Look at the four squares [■] that indicate where the following sentence could be added to the passage.

Why? Another dramatic outcome of the Industrial Revolution was the rise of the middle class, a segment of society with enough expendable income to pay to attend concerts and recitals. [A] This new, sizable audience meant that musical performances no longer had to be organized to cater solely to high society.

Larger, more elaborate concerts were held, and this shift altered the music itself. [B]

► “This new, sizable audience” in the given sentence refers to “the middle class.”

26. Schematic Table

Q. Directions: Complete the table by matching the statements below.

Select the appropriate statements from the answer choices and match them to the musical period to which they relate. TWO of the answer choices will NOT be used. This question is worth 4 points.



  Correct Answers Choices Clues in the passage
  Classical Period


(B) Musicians depended on the patronage of the wealthy. Clue 26(B)[lines 37-401 Most composers were actually retained by noblemen or other powerful people as servants to provide music for their courts.
(D) Orchestras typically included fewer instruments. Clue 26(D)[line 28] the limited full orchestras of the time
(G) Audiences were familiar with formal music theory. Clue 26(G)[lines 41-44] most people who attended a performance had at least some background knowledge of the musical principles of order and symmetry that were accepted at the time
(H) Perfection of musical structure was the primary goal. Clue 26(H)[lines 48-50] The structure of a composition was of equal or typically more importance than the emotional result of the music.
 Romantic Period


(C) Emotions evoked by music were more important than its format. Clue 26(C)[lines 80-84] Composers experimented with stretching and even breaking the limits of the old Classical rules. Popular Romantic ideals of imagination and emotion were reflected in the music.
(F) Composers made use of folk melodies. Clue 26(F)[lines 84-85] Folk tunes were even utilized to relate to a broader audience.
{1) Quality instruments were accessible for private use. Clue 26(l)[lines 96-98] Ordinary people could now afford to buy their own pianos, violins, and guitars.

Why Not? (A) Incorrect **See lines 26-27, 100-101 / (E) Not mentioned