TOEFL IBT Practice Test 30 from Official TOEFL iBT Test

Marine Biology

12.What does the professor mainly discuss?

  • Why some whales do not migrate
  • How and why baleen whales migrate
  • How baleen whales communicate with other whales
  • How different whales hunt for their food

13.According to the professor, what is a common reason for migration that does NOT apply to baleen whales?

  • The need to avoid lower water temperatures
  • The need to raise young in a suitable environment
  • The need to find better feeding grounds
  • The need to find a mating partner

14.In order to prove or disprove the balancing-act theory of whale migration, what question needs to be answered?

  • Whether or not whales have good eyesight
  • How long baleen whales are able to survive without food
  • How fast baleen whales can swim compared with other kinds of whales
  • Whether moving south saves whales more energy than staying north

15.According to the professor, what are the possible means used by migrating whales to find the right direction? Choose 3 answers.

  • Using magnetic fields as a guide
  • Recognizing coastal landmarks
  • Following the heat of the tropical water
  • Listening to sounds that bounce off of the land
  • Following the migrating plankton

16.Listen to Track 66.

  • She is not an expert on what she is about to discuss.
  • She discuss only what is relevant to her main point.
  • She thinks her students already understand her point.
  • She will not repeat what was discussed in previous classes.

17.Listen to Track 67.

  •  It is not obvious how whales find their way.
  • Different whales have different ways of locating food.
  • Whales have a poor sense of orientation.
  • Scientists have not been able to track the whales.


Directions: Now answer the questions.

18.Why does the student go to see her advisor, Professor Anderson?

  • She wants Professor Anderson’s help with her research.
  • She is responding to Professor Anderson’s invitation.
  • She has a complaint about another professor.
  • She wants to get a letter of recommendation to law school.

19.Why does the student mention Professor Connelly’s class?

  • She was not happy with the grade she received in the class.
  • She might be able to expand the research she did in the class.
  • It was the most difficult class she ever took.
  • Professor Connelly took the class on a trip to Venezuela.

20.What does the student tell Professor Anderson she will do before their next meeting?

  • Register for Professor Connelly’s class
  • Begin to write her honors thesis
  • Turn in her honors project to Professor Connelly
  • Talk to Professor Connelly about doing an honors project

21.Listen to Track 69.

  • Very few students are asked to consider writing an honors thesis.
  • The woman has shown poor research skills in the past.
  • An honors thesis could help the woman get into law school.
  • The woman should write a proposal outlining her research skills.


22.Listen to Track 70.

  • She is uncertain about her ability to write an honors thesis.
  • She does not think an honors thesis would be useful to her.
  • She considers herself to be a good writer.
  • She has only written one research paper before.

Directions: Listen to Track 71.  


Directions: Now answer the questions.

23.What is the lecture mainly about?

  • Why some newspapers do not improve their services
  • What newspapers can do to increase their readership
  • Why local newspapers cannot compete with major newspapers
  • How the topics that interest readers have changed over the years

24.According to the professor, what topics are newspaper readers most interested in? Choose 2 answers.

  • Political issues
  • Entertainment and weather
  • Natural disasters and accidents
  • Ordinary people

25. According to the professor, how can newspapers attract readers to serious stories?

  • By including photos that provide background information
  • By making minor revisions to the content of the story
  • By making the format more appealing to readers
  • By gradually increasing the number of serious stories

26.What does the professor imply about the use of colors in newspapers?

  • It has been greatly influenced by reader preferences.
  • It is more effective than early research indicated.
  • It has not resulted in significant increases in the number of readers.
  • It has been neglected in the study of journalism.

27. Listen to Track 72.

  • He agrees with the professor completely.
  • He is surprised by the professor’s point of view.
  • He is not familiar with the topic the professor is discussing
  • He can offer a solution to the problem being discussed.

28.Listen to Track 73.

  • He fully supports the student’s statement.
  • His experience this morning was unexpected.
  • He was not affected by what happened this morning.
  • The student should not complain.