Passage 2: Using the Internet
P1: The Internet started out as a limited network called the ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network). It was a network of computers that allowed communication even if one computer became non-functioning. It was the academic and scientific community that adopted the Internet, using a protocol called TCP/IP. TCP/IP allows a number of different networks of computers to be connected together. This is called the Internet. The Internet allows the creation of the World Wide Web or the Web for short. The Web consists of Internet sites that allow data to be shared by others. Aside from making the Web possible, the Internet also makes e-mail, chatting, file-sharing and telephoning possible. It even allows people to watch media and play games.
P2: The Web can be read in a browser. A browser is simply a software program that uses HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol) data transmission. This will allow you to view Web pages. HTTP lets your browser read the text, graphics, animation, video and music that are on a Web page. It also enables you to click on a link on the page using your mouse. The links on a Web page that guide you to go from one Web page to another are called hyperlinks. A Web page usually contains many hyperlinks so that you can “browse” the Internet. It is much like reading a book . You can go from page to page and get new information. One example of a browser is Internet Explorer. In the address box of your browser, you can type in an address called a URL for “uniform resource locator”.
P3: To be able to use the Internet, you must have a computer with an Internet connection and software that lets you view Web pages. Internet connections are provided by Internet service providers. The slowest connection is called a dial-up connection. It needs the use of your telephone to connect your computer to an Internet service. A faster type of connection is called broadband. This requires a cable or some other equipment. If you turn on the computer with a broadband connection, it connects you to the Internet at a time.
Directions: Mark your answer by filling in the oval next to your choice.
1. What is the main idea of the passage?
(A) The Internet Explorer can be used to browse the Web.
(B) The most popular Internet programs are e-mail, chatting and games.
(C) Equipment is needed to allow a computer to connect to the Internet.
(D) The Internet is an invention that made sending and receiving data possible.
2. The word adopted in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to
3. According to paragraph 1, which of the following is true of the Web?
(A) It made the receiving and sending of e-mail possible.
(B) It allows data to be shared but not for media or games.
(C) It consists of sites on which information can be enjoyed by others.
(D) It is limited to a certain number of computers connected to the Internet.
4. The word It in paragraph 1 refers to
5. According to paragraph 2, all of the following are true of the Web page EXCEPT that
(A) each Web page has its own Internet site.
(B) the Web cannot be read without software.
(C) every Web page has a uniform resource locator.
(D) Web pages contain hyperlinks that bring you to other pages.
6. Why does the author mention a book in paragraph 2?
(A) To note a reason why the World Wide Web was created
(B) To compare browsing to turning the pages of a book
(C) To suggest that reading a book is better than browsing the Web
(D) To provide an example of information that can be viewed on the Web
7. Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.
(A) A connection to the Internet allows you to use a browser when viewing Web pages.
(B) A computer cannot work without a connection to the Internet and a reliable browser.
(C) A browser and a connection to the Internet are important requirements when working with your computer.
(D) Using the Internet requires that you have a computer, a connection to the Internet, and a browser.
8. What can be inferred about broadband connections in paragraph 3?
(A) They do not require an Internet service provider.
(B) They are the fastest type of connection available.
(C)They are more convenient than dial-up connections.
(D) They require more equipment than dial-up connections.