TOEFL IBT LISTENING PRACTICE TEST 13 FROM DELTA’S KEY TOEFL TEST SOLUTION & EXPLANATION
The woman is inquiring about the availability of study rooms. The woman says Could you please tell me if there are any study rooms here in the library? (2.3)
The man’s purpose is to encourage the woman to reserve a room now because most of the rooms have already been reserved and some are already completely booked for the quarter. (2.3)
The man says Enrollment is up 12 percent over last year, and it really makes a difference. (2.2)
The woman says Well, actually it’s for me and two of my classmates. We ’re working on a presentation together, and we need a quiet space to meet and talk. (2.2)
The man’s purpose is to persuade the woman to accept a room in another building, the Communications Building, because most of the rooms in the library have already been reserved.
The man asks Does it matter if it’s in the Communications Building? They have some rooms over there. Then he emphasizes that the Communications Building is very close to the library. (2.3)
The professor mainly discusses the formation of ice from water vapor, specifically the formation of black ice. The professor says … black ice can form on the highway…; The black ice formed when evaporation on the wet surface of the pavement—it was mist, actually, water vapor—when the mist was exposed to above-freezing air temperatures; …this then froze the very thin layer of mist on the surface of the pavement. (2.1)
The professor’s purpose is to lead into the topic of discussion, black ice and how it forms. The professor says …I had a rather close call when I was getting on the expressway; …I ran into a patch of black ice. (2.3)
No: Snow changes to ice on tree branches and other exposed surfaces: Snow is not mentioned in the talk.
Yes: The air temperature is above freezing, but the ground temperature is below freezing: However, black ice can form on the highway when the air temperature is slightly above freezing but the ground temperature is below freezing.
Yes: A thin layer of water vapor freezes on the surface of the highway: The evaporation lowered the surface temperature to below freezing, and this then froze the very thin layer of mist on the surface of the pavement.
No: Pellets of ice develop from supercooled water droplets: Not mentioned in the talk. (2.6)
The professor’s purpose is to illustrate the same phenomenon in a different way. The phenomenon is the formation of ice from water vapor even when it is not freezing outside. Black ice is one example; the freezing of wet laundry is another example.
The professor says Sublimation is when water changes state from a gas directly to a solid…; Ice formed in this way—by sublimation—forms directly from water vapor, or mist, which is a gas. (2.2)
11. B, C
Frost forms in beautiful patterns on window glass when the temperature of the glass is below freezing: It can look like delicate feathery patterns of crystals on your windowpane.the temperature of the window glass has to be below freezing. Another factor is impurities on the glass: …the beautiful patterns of window frost are due to its slightly curved crystals, because of organic impurities on the glass—dust and dirt—that interfere with crystal growth. (2.2)
12. A, C
The professor discusses social roles for grieving family and friends: Death rituals give the bereaved family and friends specific roles to play. He also discusses stages in the process of grieving a loss: One theory states that there are four stages of grieving: numbness, yearning, despair, and reorganization. (2.1)
The professor says Every culture has some set of rituals associated with death. These rituals serve an important function, and are a way for societies to control the grief caused by death. (2.2)
The professor’s purpose is to give examples of cultural differences in grieving. There are differences in the type of ceremony held, such as a wake, shiva, or memorial service. There are also differences in how the bereaved persons should act, such as how much emotion should be shown. (2.3)
The professor says The rituals also have roles for friends, who often act as support givers. For example, friends may bring food to the home of the bereaved family, or drop in to offer help, or send flowers or sympathy cards. (2.2)
The professor implies that funerals and memorial services help make the person’s life and death meaningful. The professor says Rituals can also give meaning to the death by emphasizing the life of the person who died; Reviewing the life and accomplishments of the loved one—sharing stories and memories with family and friends—this makes the death easier for the survivors to accept. (2.4)
No: A widow develops an allergic reaction to a drug:
Not supported by the information in the lecture.
Yes: There is a period of numbness and shock after a death: In the first stage, the bereaved person feels numbness—a lack of feeling. Or he or she feels shock….
Yes: Someone yearns for a close friend who has died: In the second stage—yearning—the bereaved person yearns for and may actively search for the lost one.
No: A psychologist invents a model for dealing with loss: The stage theory model is discussed in the lecture, but the model is not a stage in the grieving process.
Yes: A survivor feels exhausted, depressed, or disorganized: The third stage is when the person feels great despair, exhaustion, depression…; He or she may feel disorganized…. (2.6)
18. A, C
The students discuss how music differs from noise: …what is the difference between music and noise?; …how’s a sound that’s noise different from a sound that’s music?; Noise is different from music because it doesn’t have a pattern. They also discuss the phenomenon of antinoise: The other thing I didn’t get was what he said about antinoise; …the result is antinoise—silence. (2.1)
The man says Do you remember how he said that noise is a random sound?; Well, it’s a random sound that has irregular sound waves. (2.2)
The woman says But why is the sound of a drumbeat noise instead of music? Isn’t a drumbeat a note?
You can infer that she feels frustrated because she does not understand the difference between music and noise. (2.4)