Directions: Listen to track 49.
Question 23-28: Answer the questions.
23.What aspect of creative writing does the professor mainly discuss?
- How to keep a reader’s interest
- How to create believable characters.
- Key differences between major and minor characters
- Techniques for developing short-story plots
24. Why does the professor recommend that students pay attention to the people they see every day?
- The behavior and characteristics of these people can be used in character sketches.
- Observing people in real-life situations can provide ideas for story plots.
- It is easier to observe the behavior of familiar people than of new people.
- Students can gather accurate physical descriptions for their characters.
25. The professor discusses an example of three friends who run out of gas. What point does he use the example to illustrate?
- Writers should know their characters as well as they know their friends.
- Writers should create characters that interact in complex ways.
- Friends do not always behave the way we expect them to behave.
- Friends’ behavior is often more predictable than fictional characters’behavior.
26. What warning does the professor give when he talks about the man who lives on the mountain?
- Avoid placing characters in remote settings
- Avoid having more than one major character
- Avoid using people as models whose lives are unusual
- Avoid making characters into stereotypes
27. What does the professor imply is the importance of flat characters?
- They act more predictably than other characters.
- They are difficult for readers to understand.
- They help reveal the main character’s personality.
- They are the only characters able to experience defeat. •
28. Listen to Track 50.
- To indicate that he is about to explain what type of drawing he wants
- To help students understand a term that may be confusing
- To indicate that he used the wrong word earlier
- To motivate the students to do better work
Directions: Listen to track 51.
29.What is the lecture mainly about?
- An example of rapid climate change
- A comparison of two mechanisms of climate change
- The weather conditions in the present-day Sahara
- Recent geological findings made in the Sahara
30. Not long ago, the Sahara had a different climate. What evidence does the professor mention to support this? Choose 3 answers.
- Ancient pollen
- Bones from large animals
- Rock paintings
- Agriculture in ancient Egypt
- Underground water
31. In the lecture, what do the Ice Age and the creation of the Sahara Desert both illustrate about past climate changes? Choose 2 answers.
- That some climate changes benefited the development of civilization
- That some climate changes were not caused by human activity
- That some climate changes were caused by a decrease of moisture in the atmosphere
- That some climate changes were caused by changes in Earth’s motion and position
32. What started the runaway effect that led to the Sahara area of North Africa becoming a desert?
- The prevailing winds became stronger.
- The seasonal rains moved to a different area.
- The vegetation started to die off in large areas.
- The soil lost its ability to retain rainwater.